Contraception Specialist

Capital Women's Care

Obstetrics & Gynecology located in Montgomery, Bethesda, MD

When you’re sexually active, but don’t want to become pregnant, it’s necessary to look into different types of contraception (birth control). At Capital Women’s Care - Bethesda, the professional and friendly team -- including Dr. Lewis Townsend, Dr. John Gschwend, Dr. Deena Kleinerman, and Nurse-Midwife Kimberly Severn -- help you determine the best type of contraception for you. If you live in or near Bethesda, Maryland and need pregnancy prevention, it’s time to call the office and schedule your consultation.

Contraception Q & A

What is contraception?

Contraception helps you prevent unintended pregnancies. It’s not foolproof, but when used appropriately and consistently, it’s up to 99% effective.

Contraception, which is also called birth control, comes in various forms. Some contraception creates a barrier to block the sperm and egg from meeting, while others stop ovulation from occurring. There are both reversible and permanent contraception choices.


Who should use contraception?

Anyone who is sexually active but doesn’t want to become pregnant should use contraception, even in a monogamous relationship. Your gynecologist can help you determine which kind of contraception is best for you and your needs, depending on your age, your health, and how many sexual partners you have.


What are the different types of contraception?

At Capital Women’s Care - Bethesda, the team offers a variety of contraception methods. They vary in effectiveness, safety, and benefits. Depending on your needs, and whether or not you want to have children in the future, your doctor may recommend:

  • Rhythm method: avoiding intercourse when you’re capable of becoming pregnant
  • Barrier methods: male and female condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps
  • Hormones:  pills, patches, and rings that stop your body from ovulating
  • Hormonal implants: to stop ovulation for several years
  • Hormonal injections: to stop ovulation for months at a time
  • Intrauterine devices (IUDs): to prevent the implantation of an egg on the uterus;  some of these also release hormones to stop ovulation
  • Female sterilization: by surgically altering the fallopian tubes to prevent eggs from passing permanently


What do you do when contraception fails?

Sometimes contraception fails. Condoms can break, and diaphragms can slip. If you use a barrier contraception and it fails, there are emergency contraceptive options: both prescription and over-the-counter medications that halt ovulation for a brief period, ensuring that any sperm in the female’s body won’t meet an egg.

If you’re uncertain if ovulation has already occurred, your gynecologist may recommend a special type of IUD device that temporarily makes the uterus an inhospitable place for the fertilized egg to implant and allows it to pass during a normal menstrual cycle.

These emergency contraceptive options are not designed for regular use and should not be your primary method of contraception.

If you’re sexually active and not ready to become pregnant, call Capital Women’s Care - Bethesda today or go online to schedule your appointment.